The La Plata Mountains as seen from above the author’s

Durango Bill’s

Debunking the Deniers of Global Warming

Global Warming Denial

Is Global Warming a Hoax/Fraud/Scam?

Global Warming Deniers claim that Global Warming is a hoax/fraud/scam.
They lie, they are willfully ignorant, and they are wrong.

“Global warming is unequivocal and primarily human-induced.”

Ideologically-driven climate change deniers are impervious to facts and reason. They will not abandon their political tribalism no matter how much evidence is presented.

Typical traits of Global Warming Deniers include willful ignorance and a belief that this ignorance is a virtue.

Science is hard, so it must be wrong

Isaac Asimov - There is a cult of ignorance in the United States, and there always has been. The strain of anti-intellectualism has been a constant thread winding its way through our political and cultural life, nurtured by the false notion that democracy means that "my ignorance is just as good as your knowledge."
See: Isaac Asimov on the Greenhouse Effect: 1989

Denial thru the ages

Prince Charles – The “Brits” sometimes have a way of explicitly describing the situation along with what should be done about it. According to Prince Charles, the proper treatment for Global Warming Denier is “to ignore the headless chicken brigade and do something practical to help.”

Willful ignorance -
“The practice can entail completely disregarding established facts, evidence and/or reasonable opinions if they fail to meet one’s expectations. Often excuses will be made, stating that the source is unreliable, that the experiment was flawed or the opinion is too biased.”

   The right-wing nuts and their followers (ignorant political-tribe groupies) would have you believe that “Global Warming”/“Climate Change” is a hoax/fraud/scam. The evidence, particularly as shown by repeat photography of glaciers, shows that Global Warming/Climate Change is real and is continuing. However, “Global Warming Deniers” persist in their ignorant claims that Global Warming is a hoax/fraud/scam.

A poster child for the “Global Warming Deniers”.
          Glenn Beck does not any background in climate sciense.

The original picture above is from

Global Warming Deniers can't hear facts, can't see
          facts, and speak no facts

   Global Warming Deniers misrepresent the scientific facts of Global Warming / Climate Change in multiple ways. The misrepresentations can take the form of paid political propaganda, ignorance, outright lies, etc. The people responsible for these misrepresentations can vary from “think tanks” and lobbyists that are financed by large corporations down to ignorant individuals.

Politically motivated global warming denial is a great time saver. It enables one to form opinions without bothering to get the facts.

   There seems to be a paranoia among the “Global Warming Deniers”. As a group, the deniers tend to exhibit a fear that various conspiracies/conspirators are out “to get them”. For example, if you run a Google search using << “Global Warming Deniers” paranoia >> you will get millions of hits.

   The same result shows up for prominent people within the Global Warming Denier movement. For example, try running a Google search using << Monckton “world government” >> (alternately << Monckton “big government” >> ) and see what happens.

Rush Limbaugh Idiot   There is also an element of ignorance in people who deny global warming. They don’t understand the science of climatology, and don’t care that they don’t understand the science. In many cases, they consider anti-intellectualism and their personal ignorance to be a virtue.

   Then political tribalism takes over. Since the science disagrees with the preconceived political tribalism of Global Warming Deniers, the GWDs are convinced that the “scientists must be wrong” and are part of a conspiracy.

   Rush Limbaugh (college flunk out – “he flunked everything” ) is a classic example of this ignorant (and arrogant) political tribalism. Rush has become an icon for other ignorant Global Warming Deniers. (To be filed under “Misery loves company”)  Please see “Rush Limbaugh: Climate Change Misinformer of the Year”

“We have no intention of prosecuting Rush Limbaugh because lying through your teeth and being stupid isn't a crime.”

    Also, the ignorant voice of political tribalism is frequently obsessed by hatred. For example:
Limbaugh: “I hope Obama fails” Jan. 16, 2009

The book “Rush Limbaugh is a Big Fat Idiot” by Al Franken is available at:
And as observed in chapter 22 – “Rush Limbaugh Is a Big Fat Liar”.

Anti-science pro-ignorance Rush Limbaugh.

  Rush Limbaugh is perhaps the “biggest” advocate of the pro-ignorance anti-science attitude that pervades large segments of the U. S. population. The following quote is from one of Rush Limbaugh’s radio broadcasts.
(Transcript at
video excerpt and picture from )

So we have now the Four Corners of Deceit, and the two universes in which we live. The Universe of Lies, the Universe of Reality, and The Four Corners of Deceit: Government, academia, science, and media. Those institutions are now corrupt and exist by virtue of deceit. That's how they promulgate themselves; it is how they prosper.

Note that “academia” would include: Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Columbia University, U. of Chicago, MIT, Caltech, Stanford, etc.

   Also, please see “Rush Limbaugh, chairman of the modern day anti-science Know Nothing party” at (And Rush has confirmed that he is an ignorant creationist.)

   For a critique of Martin Durkin’s movie “The Great Global Warming Swindle”, please see The web page also has multiple photographs of what has happened to glaciers over the last 50 to 100 years.

   This web page and its linked pages will provide some information about some of the people and organizations that misrepresent climate science - either from ignorance or willful lying - and sometimes, both.

Christopher Monckton - A vociferous Global Warming Denier Liar
Christopher Monckton has been one of the more vociferous noisemakers among the “Global Warming Deniers”. As is typical of Global Warming Deniers, Christopher Monckton is an expert at making noise, but is scientifically impaired when it comes to portraying reality. (Great qualifications if you want to be a politician or circus side show barker.)

   The “Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine” (OISM) advertises itself as “a non-profit research institute”. Global Warming Deniers frequently promote the “Oregon Petition” which is one of the OISM’s products. In reality, the Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine is a farm in very rural Oregon some 6 linear miles southeast of Cave Junction, Oregon. (Population ~1,425 Its founder/owner, Arthur B Robinson, promotes the “Robinson Curriculum” - a “Jesus-Plus-Nothing-Else” home-school system. .

   New Zealand’s Franz Josef Glacier is a good case study of the ongoing retreat of world glaciers as opposed to the claims of the Global Warming Deniers. It has retreated a full mile since the 1920s, but you would never know it if you read the Ice Age Now’s list of “Growing Glaciers”.
Please see:

   One of the false claims that Global Warming Deniers have been making in recent years is that “Global Warming Stopped in 1998”. As per usual, this claim is another deliberate GWD falsehood that can be easily debunked by looking at the actual observations.
The “Global Warming Stopped in 1998” Lie

   The “Science and Public Policy Institute” sounds very impressive. In practice it is a one-man (see ) lobbying outfit (Republican Party) run by Robert Ferguson, whose climatology knowledge consists of “26 years of Capitol Hill experience”.

   There are two good sources for additional information about the “Science and Public Policy Institute” (SPPI). Both are recommended.

Roger Cohen’s proposed $5,000 bet
A (retired) Exxon Mobil executive’s attempt to use money to promote his personal agenda. (Which is to deny “Global Warming”.)

   “Steve J”  Steve is a typical example of the ignorant political groupies (as in “tribes”) who incessantly repeat the Global Warming Denier propaganda. Steve posts messages to Internet boards, but is embarrassed about revealing his full name. Based on his disdain for top quality educational institutions and his complete ignorance of observed data, it appears that Steve has a poor educational background.
The Fabius Maximus Website is an example of a Global Warming Denier website. A look at the evidence that GWDs lie, they are willfully ignorant, and they are wrong.

Our Scientifically Ignorant Politicians

The Climate Zombie Caucus Of The 112th Congress
by Brad Johnson
ThinkProgress Wonk Room Climate Editor

Republican Science

“In January, 2011, the 112th Congress will open session, with a huge contingent of Republicans who have explicitly rejected the threat of manmade global warming pollution. These climate zombies express the classic variants of global warming denial: that it is not warming, that cold weather refutes concerns about global warming, that man’s influence is unclear, that climate scientists are engaged in a hoax, scam, or corrupt conspiracy, and that limiting greenhouse pollution would have no impact on global temperatures. Of special note are the conspiracy theorists who argue that hacked emails from climate scientists prove corruption, calling for kangaroo trials against practicing researchers.”

A typical GWD lie by Republican VP candidate Paul

The PrintScreen image above is from Republican Paul Ryan’s Internet page at:

GOP V. P. candidate Paul Ryan accuses climatologists of a “perversion of the scientific method, where data were manipulated to support a predetermined conclusion,” in order to “intentionally mislead the public on the issue of climate change.”

The accusations are not true which makes Paul Ryan a LIAR.
(From “The Independent Climate Change E-mails Review”
“On the specific allegations made against the behaviour of CRU scientists, we find that their rigour and honesty as scientists are not in doubt.”)

Anti-science repubuplican global warming deniers

   If someone denies Anthropogenic Global Warming, it is a pretty good bet that the individual involved is a scientifically ignorant Republican. Additionally, it is most likely that that person is a member of the Tea Party Cult. (AGW – Global Warming caused by human activities.)

“It is very difficult to get a man to understand something when his tribal identity depends on his not understanding it.”
Michael Bérubé, a literature professor at Pennsylvania State University

A text book for Global Warming Deniers

The Scientific Presentation of Evidence vs. the “Wing-Nut” Approach

   The scientific approach to any subject is to check the evidence. For climatology this would include temperature observations, studies using then vs. now photographs of glaciers, laboratory measurements of the physical properties of carbon dioxide, etc.

The Heartland Institute is perhaps the perfect “Poster Child” for the scientifically ignorant,
“Wing-Nut” approach.

Heartland Intitute's billboard

Picture at:
Original article at The Guardian:

   The picture above shows a billboard advertisement paid for by the Heartland Institute. The Heartland Institute has a long history of being a sponsor of, and a payment distributor for Global Warming Deniers. If we follow the Heartland Institute’s “logic”, should we condemn mathematics just because Kaczynski might believe 2 + 2 = 4? (Kaczynski has a legitimate PhD in mathematics from the University of Michigan. )

Alternately - as shown at

"I still believe in Great Hair. Do you?

   As for the claim that Kaczynski endorses global warming, the words/phrases “global warming”, “climate change”, “carbon”, “carbon dioxide” do not appear in Kaczynski’s 34,000-word manifesto.

   The arguments presented by Global Warming Deniers are designed to appeal to human emotions – especially willful ignorance, fear, paranoia, hatred, etc. The description that the Heartland Institute uses for their billboard is:

    “most prominent advocates of global warming aren’t scientists. They are murderers, tyrants, and madmen.”

The "environment" at the Heartland
          Institute is preoccupied with "murderers, tyrants, and

Picture at:

Suppose we ask the question:
Which people are more likely to be aware of the real world 1) or 2)?

1)  People who measure real world events
2)  People who are preoccupied with “murderers, tyrants, and madmen”

Climate Reality Billboard

As to why the Heartland Institute would try a “madman billboard” campaign, the “Marble” episode in “The Caine Mutiny” comes to mind.
“Caine Mutiny - Capt. Queeg Loses It”

Heartland’s Executive Editor Joseph Bast has a
          long standing hatred toward Al Gore

   It seems that Heartland’s Executive Editor/President Joseph Bast has a long standing hatred toward Al Gore and equates Gore with Kaczynski. Bast appears to think that there is little difference between criticism of his own (Bast’s) position vs. murders committed by a “madman”. Picture is from a 2006 Joseph Bast article.

   Heartland’s billboard episode was a classic “poster child” for the Global Warming Denier movement as it illustrated the motivation of Global Warming Deniers. GWDs arrantly and pretentiously assert that their scientific ignorance is a virtue (science and education are the enemy), and the only thing that is relevant is politically/emotionally based hatred.

   For more information about the lies promoted by the Heartland Institute, please see:
“5 Lies from the Heartland Institute”
or just run a Google search using:
“Heartland Institute” liars

The Myth of the 1970s Global Cooling Scientific Consensus

The following is a quote from the American Meteorological Society.

“An enduring popular myth suggests that in the 1970s the climate science community was predicting “global cooling” and an “imminent” ice age, an observation frequently used by those who would undermine what climate scientists say today about the prospect of global warming. A review of the literature suggests that, on the contrary, greenhouse warming even then dominated scientists' thinking as being one of the most important forces shaping Earth's climate on human time scales. More importantly than showing the falsehood of the myth, this review describes how scientists of the time built the foundation on which the cohesive enterprise of modern climate science now rests.”

   As for what scientists were really saying even as far back as 50 years ago, here are a few references.

   In 1969, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, the respected academic and future U.S. Senator, warned the Nixon White House that rising carbon dioxide levels could increase the average temperature.

The following quotes are from the 1979 Charney Report
“Carbon Dioxide and Climate: A Scientific Assessment”

“The primary effect of an increase in CO2 is to cause more absorption of thermal radiation from the earth’s surface and thus to increase the air temperature in the troposphere.”

“We estimate the most probable global warming for a doubling of CO2 to be near 3 deg. C with a probable error of +/- 1.5 deg. C.”

In 1980, Walter Cronkite ( "the most trusted man in America") broadcast a warning that increasing carbon dioxide would raise the earth's temperature.
YouTube video

On the evening of Tuesday, 8 December, 1981, the UK’s only commercial TV channel, ITV, broadcast an hour-long documentary called “Warming Warning”.

MIT’s Richard Lindzen:  Global Warming Deniers are “Nutty”

   Global Warming Deniers are always looking for a legitimate scientist to support their denial claims. They have always used (and frequently misquote) MIT’s Richard Lindzen as their “Legitimate Scientist”. Professor Lindzen has always claimed that “clouds will save us”. (This may or may not prove to be the case, but most experts think that changes in cloud cover will be minimal.)

In any case here’s what Professor Lindzen has to say about the deniers – as per an interview printed in the New York Times.

Dr. Lindzen accepts the elementary tenets of climate science. He agrees that carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas, calling people who dispute that point “nutty.” He agrees that the level of it is rising because of human activity and that this should warm the climate.

   Even Patrick Michaels (one of the heroes of the Global Warming Denier cult) says that “Global Warming is real”. “People have something to do with it… get over it.” The quotes are from Patrick’s 2008 keynote presentation to a conference sponsored by the Heartland Institute.  (7:17 into the video at )

Judith Curry: School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences - Georgia Tech

   Global Warming Deniers frequently misquote scientists to make it seem like the scientist involved is arguing against Human Caused Global Warming. One of these scientists is Judith Curry – chair of the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Here is Judith Curry’s actual position.

“The earth is getting warmer, and scientists conducting research on global climate change overwhelmingly agree: most of the warming since the mid 20th century has been caused by humans, primarily through burning fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum. Climate model projections suggest that average global temperatures could increase from 3 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit by 2100, the range reflecting the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that might actually be put into the air, plus uncertainties in the climate models. Georgia can expect warmer temperatures to be accompanied by more severe heat waves, increased heavy rainfall events, and more severe and longer droughts.”

Roy Spencer: Principal Research Scientist at the University of Alabama in Huntsville

   Roy Spencer is convinced that all the peer reviewed papers that provide evidence that the earth is warming are wrong and that their authors are “Global Warming Nazis”. On the other hand, Roy appears to have descended into religious senility. (See “The Evolution Crisis” where he confirms that he is also an “Evolution Denier”. Spencer: “I finally became convinced that the theory of creation actually had a much better scientific basis than the theory of evolution.”)

As for Roy’s wrong positions in regard to global warming, please see:

“Bad Week for Roy “Wrong-Way” Spencer”
“Roy Spencer is MOST famous for being wrong”
“[This] paper is not really intended for other scientists, since they do not take Roy Spencer seriously anymore (he’s been wrong too many times).”
Spencer: “Carbon dioxide is a relatively small part of the Earth's natural greenhouse effect”

“Dr” Roy Spencer is sad and lonely and wrong

Roy Spencer's Catholic Online Climate Myths

Why Global Warming Deniers Reject Reality

    There is a reason why Global Warming Deniers (and other anti-science groups) will continue to deny reality. Global Warming Deniers live in an “alternate world” where conspiracy theories and their own paranoia control their thought processes. Global Warming Deniers truly believe that science and scientists are the enemy, and that these scientists are part of a conspiracy that is out to get them.

   This “science and scientists are the enemy” anti-intellectual mindset by Global Warming Deniers MUST!!!  be understood if you are going to understand why GWDs behave the way they do. Global Warming Deniers will continue to deny, because their denial is product of anti-intellectual “us vs. them” political tribalism.

Isaac Asimov quote on anti intellectualism

“Anti-intellectualism is hostility towards and mistrust of intellect, intellectuals, and intellectual pursuits, usually expressed as the derision of education, philosophy, literature, art, and science, as impractical and contemptible.”

Also, please see:
“Anti-intellectualism Is Killing America - Social dysfunction can be traced to the abandonment of reason”
“America is killing itself through its embrace and exaltation of ignorance, and the evidence is all around us.”

Global Warming Deniers reject

  The following three examples demonstrate this “scientists are the enemy” paranoia.

1) The movie (pseudo-documentary) “The Great Global Warming Swindle” was produced by Martin Durkin. There are thousands of links on the Internet that will attest that Martin Durkin said:
“Legitimate scientists - people with qualifications - are the bad guys.”
(Run a Google search using the above quote.)
(Original source may have been: )

2) The second example is “courtesy” of: “Rush Limbaugh, chairman of the modern day anti-science Know Nothing party”. According to Rush (as shown earlier) we have: “The Universe of Lies . . . The Four Corners of Deceit: Government, academia, science, and media. Those institutions are now corrupt and exist by virtue of deceit.”

3)  In his efforts to promote creationism instead of science, Don McLeroy (former chairman of the Texas State Board of Education ) said:
"Someone has to stand up to experts!"

   Thanks to Hollywood and political tribalism, Global Warming Deniers (and other scientifically ignorant groups) are convinced that the purpose of science is limited to creating Frankenstein monsters, and/or inventing death rays, and/or fabricating “weapons of mass destruction”, and/or collecting government subsidies, and/or manipulating temperature data to support a predetermined conclusion. Thus, instead of looking to science for answers, these people would rather “trust” psychics, UFO sightings, homeopathic medicine (i. e. witch doctors), “reality TV”, newspaper tabloids, myths spread via the Internet/emails, etc. as their “sources for information”.

   Human beings are social animals. We tend to identify ourselves with particular social groups. Global Warming Deniers belong to anti-science social groups. Their sense of belonging in their groups requires that they conform to the beliefs of their social group. Membership in their own group requires that they continue a willful ignorance of anything that might cause them to be expelled from their group.

Membership requires a willful ignorance of
          anything that might cause you to be expelled from the group.

   The origin for this disdain for science and scientists goes back at least 2,600 years to Aesop’s Fables, and in particular the story of “The Fox and the Grapes”.

   In the “Fox and Grapes” story, a fox tries to get some grapes that are hanging high on a vine. However, no matter how hard the fox tries, he is unable to obtain the grapes. The fox then slinks away, muttering about “Sour Grapes”. This leads to “The moral to the story is "It is easy to despise what you cannot get."”  (Quote is from the Wikipedia link.)

   Science and scientists are held in high respect by most people. Global Warming Deniers are envious of this respect, and frequently try to disguise their misguided opinions to look like science or distort real science to try to support their misguided opinions. However, these opinions don’t have scientific merit. They don’t get published in scientific journals.

   No matter how hard they try, Global Warming Deniers are unable to obtain the scientific respect that they want. GWDs then take the “Sour Grapes” attitude where “It is easy to despise what you cannot get.”

   Another factor involved in Global Warming Deniers’ disdain toward science is that scientists (including doctors, chemists for pharmaceutical companies, etc.) usually have pretty good incomes. The “Sour Grapes” attitude of “It is easy to despise what you cannot get.” kicks in again with GWDs claiming that the purpose of scientists is to get government subsidies.

   For these reasons, the vast majority of anti-science GWDs will never acknowledge that science represents reality. In practice, this anti-science attitude produces the “closed mind” attribute that we observe in GWDs.

   It would be interesting if someone would run a poll/survey to see if there is a correlation between Global Warming Deniers and people who throw money away buying lottery tickets and/or gambling in casinos. The hypothesis is that people who think they can beat mathematical gambling odds significantly overlaps those who think their own opinion outweighs scientific observations and research.

The “Alternate Reality” of Global Warming Deniers

The "Alternate Reality" of Global
          Warming Deniers

Cartoon originally at

   Global Warming Deniers live in an “alternate world” where “reality” consists of their “make-believe” fantasies while real observations are dismissed as fabrications of the conspirators. A blogging column by Alan Caruba that was posted in the online “Canada Free Press” on Oct. 10, 2012 is a typical example.

 The title of the article was:

“Add ocean acidification and falsely asserted rapid rise of sea levels to the list of things the IPCC, the USGS, and NOAA, among others, are lying about
The Oceans Are Neither Rising, Nor Turning to Acid”

   This was followed by the usual paranoid GWD rant that the United States Geological Survey was wasting taxpayer money by studying acidification of the Arctic Ocean. (USGS article at )

I added a comment that referred readers to:
1) A world map that showed rising sea level as measured by tide gauges
2) A graph that showed rising sea level as measured by NASA’s satellite altimetry
3) An article by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution on ocean acidification
4) An article by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography on ocean acidification

Alan’s reply was:

Alan Caruba's "corrupting of science"

   Alan Caruba apparently does not know that the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution are two of the top oceanographic educational research institutions in the world. Alan apparently doesn’t care that he doesn’t know. Alan apparently has no interest in learning about educational institutions. The only thing that matters to Alan is that any fact/observation/research study that disagrees with the political tribalism of the GWDs must be contributing to “corrupting the science”. His disdain for educational institutions is typical of Global Warming Deniers. (Alan Caruba doesn’t post his educational background (scientific or other) in his online bio.)

   It would appear that according to Alan (and other GWDs), that an organization is part of “the conspiracy” if it doesn’t agree with the fantasy world of the GWDs. According to the GWDs, the only “facts” that exist are the fabricated delusions of the GWDs.

   And finally, in Nov. 2005, in an article titled “It's Getting Colder, Not Warmer”, Alan Caruba said “we are due another ice age any day now.”
2005 turned out to be to be the warmest year in recorded history. . .
Until that record was broken in 2010,
With a record low Arctic ice pack in 2007. . .
Followed by a new record low in 2012,
Let’s see. . . How many days are in “due another ice age any day now”?

Also please see:
“FACTSHEET: Alan Caruba”

The Word “Evidence”

What's science? I
        don't know, we're Republicans.   The word “evidence” appears to have a different meaning for Global Warming Deniers as opposed to scientists. To scientists, the word “evidence” is observations and documentation about events in the real world. Scientists measure these real world events and use these measurements so that they can forecast/predict what will happen if a similar real world event should occur again (or continue to occur) in the future.

   Most Global Warming Deniers do not have an educational background in any of the sciences never-mind a degree in Meteorology or Climatology. Many don’t have a college degree in anything. (Rush Limbaugh, Anthony Watts, etc.)

   Global Warming Deniers live in an “Alternate Reality” where the word “evidence” is what some other Global Warming Denier says. In this Alternate Reality, the only things that are “true” are the stories that are told by other Global Warming Deniers. To Global Warming Deniers, anything that might happen outside their Alternate Reality must be false since it conflicts with their Alternate Reality.

Global Warming Evidence includes:
Measurements of rising temperatures
Then and now photographs of melting glaciers
Measurements and observations of rising sea level
Observations of poleward migration of plants and animals (See “Arbor Day” chart below)
Application of our knowledge of Physics – for example:
“The Discovery of Global Warming”  American Institute of Physics

   However, actual evidence of what is happening in the real world means nothing to Global Warming Deniers. Global Warming Deniers live in an Alternate Reality where the only “truth” is the dogma that is constantly repeated by other Global Warming Deniers.

   Global Warmin Deniers will invent/fabricate any excuse possible so they can continue to follow their political dogma. This is why Global Warming Deniers will claim:
The earth is actually cooling.
Sea level is not rising.
The data has been manipulated.
Even if it is warming, it’s caused by “natural forces”.
If it’s warming, it’s good for us.

   The bottom line is that Global Warming Deniers are not mentally capable of understanding anything that conflicts with their Alternate Reality. (See the Wikipedia articles and for in-depth explanations.)

Miranda Rights for Global Warming Deniers

Do it yourself Global Warming Denier kit.

   As part of their “obsession to deny”, Global Warming Deniers frequently have an “obsession to bore everyone to death with their ideology”. If you are a Global Warming Denier and are suffering from one/both of these “obsessions”, then before you act in haste, you might want to learn the Miranda Rights for Global Warming Deniers.

Poster=Child Book for
        Global Warming Denier 1) You have the right to remain silent.

 If you state that you are a Global Warming Denier, most people will think that you are an arrogant idiot. However, if you insist on broadcasting your fairy tales to the world, you will prove the matter beyond all doubt.

 2) Anything you say, can and will be used against you in a court of law.

 If you say something really stupid (Global Warming Deniers are prone to “stupid statements”.), someone will use your statement as continuing evidence that you and other Global Warming Deniers are arrogant idiots.

 3) You have the right to have an attorney present now and during any future questioning.
Lawyers and scientists understand the word “evidence”. Global Warming Deniers don’t. You have a right to have someone present who can explain to you exactly what the word “evidence” means.

 4) If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed to you free of charge if you wish.

Better yet, try the Internet. There are large numbers of other Global Warming Deniers that will give you free “advice”. The free “advice” will be worth exactly what you pay for it.

Is Global Warming / Climate Change Real?

A quick look at what has happened to glaciers tells the story.

A 1941
        view of the Muir Glacier in Glacier Bay National Park.A 2004
        view of the former location of Muir Glacier.

The original photographs and story can be seen at:

   The (historic) Muir Glacier is an extreme example, but there are many other examples. (If you have Google Earth on your computer, go to 59.012N, 136.163W and look slightly west of due north to generate a view similar to the views above.)

"Then and now" pictures of the famous

The picture pair above is courtesy of

Do you recognize the impressive mountain in the background? Hint: It’s near Zermatt. Switzerland.

   The left picture is a copy of an old post card. The Furgg Glacier can be seen snaking around the front of the tall pyramidal mountain. Also, part of the glacier covers the lower slopes of the tall mountain.

   By 2003 there isn’t much left of the glacier. The very dark area below and slightly to the right of the mountain is the shadow from a 500-foot high cliff below a ridge. One hundred years ago, the glacier was thick enough to completely cover the ridge. If you have Google Earth on your computer, you can see trimlines and moraines that mark the former extent of the glacier. To find the area formerly covered by the Furgg Glacier, just look about 4 miles southwest of Zermatt Switzerland - or alternately, about 2 miles ENE of (and a “tad” down from) the summit of the Matterhorn.

Repeat photography documents the melting of
          Grinnell Glacier.

   The above 4-photo sequence shows what has happened to Grinnell Glacier in Glacier National Park since 1938. Grinnell Glacier is in the lower part of the photos, and Upper Grinnell Lake has formed in the basin formerly occupied by the glacier. The long snow/icefield above Grinnell Glacier is the small Salamander Glacier. The last photo was taken earlier in the summer season than the other photos, and thus Salamander Glacier still has more seasonal now than in the other photos. (Note the lack of shadows in the last photo indicating the high sun angle that only exists in late spring / early summer.)

   The photos were taken from the top of Mount Gould. Mount Gould is a strenuous climb but can be easily accessed from the Going to the Sun Road in Glacier National Park. A larger set of the above images can be seen at:

   One of the more remote areas of the world that has (or at least used to have) glaciers are the high 15,000 foot mountains on the island of New Guinea.

Glaciers on the island of New Guinea in 1936.

Oblique aerial photograph looking east at several of the glaciers on Puncak Jaya in 1936. Left to right: Northwall Firn, Meren Glacier, and Carstensz Glacier. Photograph no. S.136 by J.J. Dozy.

The original of the above photograph can be seen at
A more detailed description at includes an interim 1972 photograph.

The same area of New Guinea as seen via Google

   The Google Earth view above shows the same area - as of 2010. Most of the glaciers are gone. The rocks are dark gray as erosion from the former glaciers removed all the loose soil, and vegetation has not had enough time to become established on the bare rock.

Of note: A small portion of Freeport-McMoRan’s open pit Grasberg mine can be seen in the lower right corner.

Then and now photographs of Upsala Glacier,

   The picture above shows then and now photographs of the Upsala Glacier in Argentina. The top photograph was taken in 1928. The bottom photograph was taken in 2004. The top of the bare rock hill on the far side of the lake is nearly 700 feet above the lake level. Of interest, note the light colored trimline on the distant mountains that shows the former thickness of the glacier.

   The Upsala Glacier is one of the larger glaciers that flow out of the Southern Patagonian Ice Field - which straddles the Chile/Argentina border. Of interest, melt water that initially drains eastward off the northern end of the Southern Patagonian Ice Field eventually cuts back through the Andes Mountain Range to end up in the Pacific Ocean. (See the Rio Pascua section at )

   The World Glacier Monitoring Service has a web page where they post a graph of what is happening to the world’s glaciers. Here’s what it looks like.

Status of the world’s glaciers as measured by
          Switzerland’s World Glacier monitoring Service

Switzerland’s World Glacier Monitoring Service

Not only are the world’s glaciers shrinking, the shrinkage rate has accelerated in recent years.

Rising Sea Level

Sea level had been stable for thousands of years up until recently.

Sea level for the last 8,000 years

The graph above is from:

   The sloping diagonal line on the right edge shows the slope for 3 mm of sea level rise per year. Sea level is currently rising at more than 3 mm per year, and this rate is expected to accelerate in the future. The vertical red bar just above the diagonal line shows the estimated range of what will happen in the next few hundred years. (The vertical bar is plotted for both vertical and horizontal range.)

   As the earth started to warm in the 20th century, sea level started to rise due to thermal expansion and melting glaciers. In the last couple of decades this rate of rise has increased to about 3 mm/yr. (3 meters per 1,000 years)

Here’s what radar altimetry from satellites shows.

Sea level rise as measured by satellite radar

   Sea level is not only continuing to rise, the rate of rise has accelerated beyond what had been observed before 1990. The most recent data at indicates this rate of sea level rise is continuing to accelerate beyond what was observed up through 2011.

   Current carbon dioxide levels are far above what was seen in the Eemian Interglacial 125,000 years ago.

The 800,000 year carbon dioxide record.

Graph from CO2 Movie

   It will take several centuries for glacial melting and sea level rise to catch up with the current rate of thermal forcing. It seems probable that sea level will eventually rise to levels higher than what was seen in the Eemian Interglacial when sea level was some 16 to 23 feet higher than it is today.  If sea level rises this much (or more) many coastal cities such as New Orleans and Miami will be completely submerged.

A chart showing the relationship between CO2,
          temperature, and sea level.

  The chart above was posted at . The original source was Fig. 3 at  The chart shows the historical relationship between carbon dioxide levels, temperature, and sea level.

   In the Eemian interglacial of 125,000 years ago, sea level was 20 feet or more above current levels. This is enough to turn Miami and New Orleans into fish food.

   We find a 95% probability that global sea level peaked at least 6.6m higher than today during the last interglacial; it is likely (67% probability) to have exceeded 8.0m but is unlikely (33% probability) to have exceeded 9.4 m.

   Now take a close look at the green line at the right edge. Where is our future temperature going? Where is our future sea level going? The process will be spread over centuries, but how do you move all of the world’s big seaport cities?

A Google Earth view of Eemian beaches.

   The Google Earth view above shows a two-mile wide series of sandy shorelines in Australia that were formed when sea level was higher during the Eemian. Image that a large city were built today in this two-mile wide area. Then image what would happen if sea level were restored to Eemian levels (or higher).

   From “Relationship between sea level and climate forcing by CO2 on geological timescales” (published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America )

For instance, with CO2 stabilized at 400–450 ppm (as required for the frequently quoted “acceptable warming” of 2 °C), or even at AD 2011 levels of 392 ppm, we infer a likely (68% confidence) long-term sea-level rise of more than 9 m above the present. Therefore, our results imply that to avoid significantly elevated sea level in the long term, atmospheric CO2 should be reduced to levels similar to those of preindustrial times.

As for what is happening now, please see the following video.
Miami Beach Sea Level Rise, Paradise Lost!

Global Warming is Changing the Climate Zones for Plant Life

Plant hardiness zones as of 1990

   Global Warming / Climate Change is shifting plant hardiness zones northward. The maps above and below are Print Screen images from an animation by the Arbor Day Foundation.

Plant hardiness zones as of 2006

   Hardiness zones provide a guide as to which plants and trees will grow in a given area. The maps show that plants that grew best in northern Alabama (Zone 7) in 1990 can now be grown across all of Tennessee and most of Kentucky. In the northern plains, the blue Zone 4 has moved north to include most of North Dakota.

   In the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and Wyoming, the blue Zone 4 is rapidly being replaced by the milder Zone 5. Cold winters used to keep Bark Beetles under control, but milder winters are allowing increasing infestations by these insects. In Mesa Verde National Park, the “Mesa” is still there but most of the “Verde” is gone. Fires and beetle attacks over the last 20 years have wiped out most of the trees; and grasslands have replaced the forests.

How and why carbon dioxide produces the Greenhouse Effect

   Historically (As measured in geologic/astronomical time), greenhouse gases (Carbon dioxide, water vapor, etc.) have kept temperatures on earth at levels that are compatible for living organisms. Without these gases, the average temperature on planet earth would be near zero F. At the other extreme, an excessive level of greenhouse gases would turn earth into an unlivable inferno.

   Greenhouse gases absorb and then retransmit long wavelength heat energy. Molecules with 3 or more atoms are able to absorb long wavelength heat radiation and briefly convert this radiant energy into kinetic vibration energy. Then a greenhouse molecule retransmits another photon of heat energy which stabilizes the molecular vibration. However, this retransmitted heat radiation is in a random direction. Half the time this retransmission is back down toward the earth’s surface. The result slows planet earth’s ability to radiate heat out into space.

  The following 3 pictures are PrintScreen images from an animated video at
The accompanying explanation at the link gives the details of the process.

Radiation approachng a carbon
          dioxide molecule.

A vibrating carbon dioxide

Reradiation from the carbon
          dioxide molecule

Resources for Research

The following organizations provide evidence that:
1) Global Warming / Climate Change is real.
2) Human activities are by far the largest causative agent.
3) Global Warming / Climate Change is a continuing, ongoing phenomenon.

“Ninety-seven percent of climate scientists agree that climate-warming trends over the past century are very likely due to human activities, and most of the leading scientific organizations worldwide have issued public statements endorsing this position.”  (The graph)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Climatic Data Center

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

American Meteorological Society
“It is clear from extensive scientific evidence that the dominant cause of the rapid change in climate of the past half century is human-induced increases in the amount of atmospheric greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2)”

The Weather Channel Position Statement on Global Warming
“These observations, together with computer model simulations and historical climate reconstructions from ice cores, ocean sediments and tree rings all provide strong evidence that the majority of the warming over the past century is a result of human activities.”

National Center for Atmospheric Research
“How do we know Earth is warming now?”

Earth System Research Laboratory - Global Monitoring Division
“Climate Forcing”

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Jet Propulsion Laboratory - California Institute of Technology
“Global Climate Change” “How do we know?”

American Geophysical Union (world's largest scientific society of Earth and space scientists)
“Human Impacts on Climate”

American Association for the Advancement of Science
“The scientific evidence is clear: global climate change caused by human activities is occurring now”

U. S. National Academy of Sciences
“Climate change is real”

National Science Foundation
“Global Warming Greatest in Past Decade”

U. S. Geological  Survey
“Glacier and Landscape Change in Response to Changing Climate”
Time lapse video: “Glacier Erasure: South Cascade Glacier in a Changing Climate”

Geological Society of America
“The Geological Society of America (GSA) concurs . . . that global climate has warmed and that human activities (mainly greenhouse gas emissions) account for most of the warming since the middle 1900s.”

National Snow and Ice Data Center - Global Glacier Recession
“We live in a time of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations with an attendant warming of the climate.”

United Nations Environment Programme/World Glacier Monitoring Service
“Global Glacier Changes: facts and figures”
“There is mounting evidence that climate change is triggering a shrinking and thinning of many glaciers world-wide”  (Introduction and links to a 26 MB WGMS report)

The United States Energy Information Administration
“Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, and Energy”

U. S. Department of Defense
“As greenhouse gas emissions increase, sea levels are rising, average global temperatures are increasing, and severe weather patterns are accelerating.” “These effects are threat multipliers that will aggravate stressors abroad such as poverty, environmental degradation, political instability, and social tensions – conditions that can enable
terrorist activity and other forms of violence.”   (Page 8)
“Rising global temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, climbing sea levels, and more extreme weather events will intensify the challenges of global instability, hunger, poverty, and conflict.”

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
“Report: Human activity fuels global warming”

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory | California Institute of Technology
Climate change: How do we know?
"The current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is extremely likely (greater than 95 percent probability) to be the result of human activity since the mid-20th century and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over decades to millennia."

Stanford University
“A large body of scientific information indicates that global climate change is unequivocal, almost certainly is caused mostly by human activities, is already causing significant harm, and as it continues, holds great risks for our future.”

California Institute of Technology
Climate Change Science
“Greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth’s atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise.”

Columbia University
“The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming”
“With higher CO2 concentrations come expectations of a stronger greenhouse effect and therefore warmer global temperatures.”

Atmospheric Sciences - University of Illinois - Champaign
“Evidence continues to mount that human activities are altering the Earth’s climate on a global scale.”

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Scripps Institution of Oceanography (University of California - San Diego)

The UK’s Met Office Hadley Centre
“Climate change - the big picture”

The UK’s Royal Society
“Climate change controversies: a simple guide”

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Based in Switzerland)
“Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report”

Japan Meteorological Agency
“Global Warming Projection Vol.7”

The Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
“Our climate has changed substantially.” “Global climate change and global warming are real and observable.”

Royal Society of New Zealand
“The globe is warming because of increasing greenhouse gas emissions.”

National Geographic Magazine

Scientific American Magazine

“Scientific opinion on climate change is that the Earth's climate system is unequivocally warming and it is more than 90% certain that humans are causing it through activities that increase concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere” (100+ references with links)

Also please see “The Great Global Warming Swindle” is itself a Fraud and a Swindle

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