Debunking the Deniers of Global Warming
Global Warming Denial
Is Global Warming a Hoax/Fraud/Scam?
Global Warming Deniers claim that Global Warming is a hoax/fraud/scam.
They lie, they are willfully ignorant, and they are wrong.
Typical traits of Global Warming Deniers include willful ignorance and a belief that this ignorance is a virtue.
Isaac Asimov - There is a cult of ignorance in the United States,
and there always has been. The strain of anti-intellectualism has been
a constant thread winding its way through our political and cultural
life, nurtured by the false notion that democracy means that "my
ignorance is just as good as your knowledge."
Prince Charles – The “Brits” sometimes have a way of explicitly
describing the situation along with what should be done about it.
According to Prince Charles, the proper treatment for Global Warming
Denier is “to ignore the headless chicken brigade and do something
practical to help.”
Willful ignorance - http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Willful_ignorance
“The practice can entail completely disregarding established facts,
evidence and/or reasonable opinions if they fail to meet one’s
expectations. Often excuses will be made, stating that the source is
unreliable, that the experiment was flawed or the opinion is too
The right-wing nuts and their followers (ignorant political-tribe
groupies) would have you believe that “Global Warming”/“Climate Change”
is a hoax/fraud/scam. The evidence, particularly as shown by repeat
photography of glaciers, shows that Global Warming/Climate Change is
real and is continuing. However, “Global Warming Deniers” persist
in their ignorant claims that Global Warming is a hoax/fraud/scam.
The original picture above is from http://earthfirst.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/glenn-beck-global-warming.jpg
Global Warming Deniers misrepresent the scientific facts of Global
Warming / Climate Change in multiple ways. The misrepresentations can
take the form of paid political propaganda, ignorance, outright lies,
etc. The people responsible for these misrepresentations can vary from
“think tanks” and lobbyists that are financed by large corporations
down to ignorant individuals.
Politically motivated global warming
denial is a great time saver. It enables one to form opinions without
bothering to get the facts.
There seems to be a paranoia among the “Global Warming Deniers”. As a
group, the deniers tend to exhibit a fear that various
conspiracies/conspirators are out “to get them”. For example, if you
run a Google search using << “Global Warming Deniers” paranoia
>> you will get millions of hits.
The same result shows up for prominent people within the Global Warming
Denier movement. For example, try running a Google search using
<< Monckton “world government”
>> (alternately << Monckton “big government” >> ) and see what happens.
There is also an element of ignorance in people
who deny global warming. They don’t understand the science of
climatology, and don’t care that they don’t understand the science. In
many cases, they consider anti-intellectualism and their personal
ignorance to be a virtue.
Then political tribalism takes over. Since the science
disagrees with the preconceived political tribalism of Global Warming
Deniers, the GWDs are convinced that the “scientists must be wrong” and
are part of a conspiracy.
Rush Limbaugh (college flunk out – “he
flunked everything” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rush_Limbaugh
) is a classic example of this ignorant (and arrogant) political
tribalism. Rush has become an icon for other ignorant Global Warming
Deniers. (To be filed under “Misery loves company”) Please see
“Rush Limbaugh: Climate Change Misinformer of the
“We have no intention of prosecuting Rush Limbaugh because lying through your teeth and being stupid isn't a crime.” http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Rush_Limbaugh
Also, the ignorant voice of political tribalism is frequently obsessed by hatred. For example:
Limbaugh: “I hope Obama fails” Jan. 16, 2009
The book “Rush Limbaugh is a Big Fat Idiot” by Al Franken is available at:
And as observed in chapter 22 – “Rush Limbaugh Is a Big Fat Liar”.
Rush Limbaugh is perhaps the “biggest” advocate of the
pro-ignorance anti-science attitude that pervades large segments of the
U. S. population. The following quote is from one of Rush Limbaugh’s
video excerpt and picture from
So we have now the Four Corners of Deceit, and the two universes in
which we live. The Universe of Lies, the Universe of Reality, and The
Four Corners of Deceit: Government, academia, science, and media. Those
institutions are now corrupt and exist by virtue of deceit. That's how
they promulgate themselves; it is how they prosper.”
Note that “academia” would include: Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Columbia University, U. of Chicago, MIT, Caltech, Stanford, etc.
Also, please see “Rush Limbaugh, chairman of the modern day anti-science Know Nothing party” at http://littlegreenfootballs.com/article/37294_Rush_Limbaugh_Creationist
(And Rush has confirmed that he is an ignorant creationist.)
For a critique of Martin Durkin’s movie “The Great Global Warming Swindle”, please see http://www.durangobill.com/Swindle_Swindle.html
. The web page also has multiple photographs of what has happened to glaciers over the last 50 to 100 years.
This web page and its linked pages will provide some
information about some of the people and organizations that
misrepresent climate science - either from ignorance or willful lying -
and sometimes, both.
Christopher Monckton - A vociferous Global Warming Denier Liar
Monckton has been one of the more vociferous noisemakers among the
“Global Warming Deniers”. As is typical of Global Warming Deniers,
Christopher Monckton is an expert at making noise, but is
scientifically impaired when it comes to portraying reality. (Great
qualifications if you want to be a politician or circus side show
“Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine” (OISM)
advertises itself as
“a non-profit research institute”. Global Warming Deniers
frequently promote the “Oregon Petition” which is one of the
OISM’s products. In reality, the Oregon Institute of Science and
Medicine is a
farm in very rural Oregon some 6 linear miles southeast of Cave
Junction, Oregon. (Population ~1,425 http://www.city-data.com/city/Cave-Junction-Oregon.html
) Its founder/owner, Arthur B Robinson, promotes the “Robinson Curriculum” - a “Jesus-Plus-Nothing-Else” home-school system. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/RobinsonUsers4Christ/
New Zealand’s Franz Josef Glacier is a good case study of the ongoing
retreat of world glaciers as opposed to the claims of the Global
Warming Deniers. It has retreated a full mile since the 1920s, but you
would never know it if you read the Ice Age Now’s list of “Growing
Please see: http://www.durangobill.com/GwdLiars/GwdLiarsFranzJosefGlacier.html
One of the false claims that Global Warming Deniers have
been making in recent years is that “Global Warming Stopped in 1998”.
As per usual, this claim is another deliberate GWD falsehood that can
be easily debunked by looking at the actual observations.
The “Global Warming Stopped in 1998” Lie
The “Science and Public Policy Institute” sounds very impressive. In practice it is a one-man (see http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/contact.html
) lobbying outfit (Republican Party) run by Robert Ferguson, whose
climatology knowledge consists of “26 years of Capitol Hill experience”.
There are two good sources for additional information about the
“Science and Public Policy Institute” (SPPI). Both are recommended.
Roger Cohen’s proposed $5,000 bet
A (retired) Exxon Mobil executive’s attempt to use money to promote his personal agenda. (Which is to deny “Global Warming”.)
Steve is a typical example of the ignorant political groupies (as in
“tribes”) who incessantly repeat the Global Warming Denier propaganda.
Steve posts messages to Internet boards, but is embarrassed about
revealing his full name. Based on his disdain for top quality
educational institutions and his complete ignorance of observed data,
it appears that Steve has a poor educational background.
Our Scientifically Ignorant Politicians
The Climate Zombie Caucus Of The 112th Congress
by Brad Johnson
ThinkProgress Wonk Room Climate Editor
January, 2011, the 112th Congress will open session, with a huge
contingent of Republicans who have explicitly rejected the threat of
manmade global warming pollution. These climate zombies express the
classic variants of global warming denial: that it is not warming, that
cold weather refutes concerns about global warming, that man’s
influence is unclear, that climate scientists are engaged in a hoax,
scam, or corrupt conspiracy, and that limiting greenhouse pollution
would have no impact on global temperatures. Of special note are the
conspiracy theorists who argue that hacked emails from climate
scientists prove corruption, calling for kangaroo trials against
The PrintScreen image above is from Republican Paul Ryan’s Internet page at:
GOP V. P. candidate Paul Ryan accuses climatologists of a “perversion
of the scientific method, where data were manipulated to support a
predetermined conclusion,” in order to “intentionally mislead the
public on the issue of climate change.”
The accusations are not true which makes Paul Ryan a LIAR.
(From “The Independent Climate Change E-mails Review” http://www.scribd.com/doc/34003747/Muir-Russell-Final
“On the specific allegations made against the behaviour of CRU
scientists, we find that their rigour and honesty as scientists are not
If someone denies Anthropogenic Global Warming, it is
a pretty good bet that the individual involved is a scientifically
ignorant Republican. Additionally, it is most likely that that person
is a member of the Tea Party Cult. (AGW – Global Warming caused by
“It is very difficult to get a man to understand something when his tribal identity depends on his not understanding it.”
Michael Bérubé, a literature professor at Pennsylvania State University
The Scientific Presentation of Evidence vs. the “Wing-Nut” Approach
The scientific approach to any subject is to check the
evidence. For climatology this would include temperature observations, studies using
then vs. now photographs of glaciers, laboratory measurements of the
physical properties of carbon dioxide, etc.
The Heartland Institute is perhaps the perfect “Poster Child” for the scientifically ignorant,
Picture at: http://www.durangobill.com/GwdLiars/GwdHeartlandHatred.jpg
Original article at The Guardian: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/blog/2012/may/04/heartland-institute-global-warming-murder?newsfeed=true
The picture above shows a billboard advertisement paid
for by the Heartland Institute. The Heartland Institute has a long
history of being a sponsor of, and a payment distributor for Global
Warming Deniers. If we follow the Heartland Institute’s “logic”, should
we condemn mathematics just because Kaczynski might believe 2 + 2 = 4?
(Kaczynski has a legitimate PhD in mathematics from the University of
Alternately - as shown at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/04/heartland-climate-change-billboard_n_1478011.html?ncid=edlinkusaolp00000003
As for the claim that Kaczynski endorses global warming,
the words/phrases “global warming”, “climate change”, “carbon”, “carbon
dioxide” do not appear in Kaczynski’s 34,000-word manifesto. http://cyber.eserver.org/unabom.txt
The arguments presented by Global Warming Deniers are
designed to appeal to human emotions – especially willful ignorance,
fear, paranoia, hatred, etc. The description that the Heartland
Institute uses for their billboard is:
“most prominent advocates of global warming aren’t scientists. They are murderers, tyrants, and madmen.”
Picture at: http://www.durangobill.com/GwdLiars/GwdHeartlandMadmen.jpg
Suppose we ask the question:
Which people are more likely to be aware of the real world 1) or 2)?
1) People who measure real world events
2) People who are preoccupied with “murderers, tyrants, and madmen”
As to why the Heartland Institute would try a “madman billboard”
campaign, the “Marble” episode in “The Caine Mutiny” comes to mind.
“Caine Mutiny - Capt. Queeg Loses It” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZlV3oQ3pLA0
It seems that Heartland’s Executive Editor/President Joseph Bast has
a long standing hatred toward Al Gore and equates Gore with Kaczynski.
Bast appears to think that there is little difference between criticism
of his own (Bast’s) position vs. murders committed by a “madman”.
Picture is from a 2006 Joseph Bast article.
Heartland’s billboard episode was a classic “poster child”
for the Global Warming Denier movement as it illustrated the motivation
of Global Warming Deniers. GWDs arrantly and pretentiously assert that
their scientific ignorance is a virtue (science and education are the
enemy), and the only thing that is relevant is politically/emotionally
For more information about the lies promoted by the Heartland Institute, please see:
“5 Lies from the Heartland Institute”
or just run a Google search using:
“Heartland Institute” liars
MIT’s Richard Lindzen: Global Warming Deniers are “Nutty”
Global Warming Deniers are always looking for a legitimate
scientist to support their denial claims. They have always used (and
frequently misquote) MIT’s Richard Lindzen as their “Legitimate
Scientist”. Professor Lindzen has always claimed that “clouds will save
us”. (This may or may not prove to be the case, but most experts think
that changes in cloud cover will be minimal.)
In any case here’s what Professor Lindzen has to say about the deniers – as per an interview printed in the New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/01/science/earth/clouds-effect-on-climate-change-is-last-bastion-for-dissenters.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
Dr. Lindzen accepts the elementary
tenets of climate science. He agrees that carbon dioxide is a
greenhouse gas, calling people who dispute that point “nutty.” He
agrees that the level of it is rising because of human activity and
that this should warm the climate.
Even Patrick Michaels (one of the heroes of the Global
Warming Denier cult) says that “Global Warming is real”. “People have
something to do with it… get over it.” The quotes are from Patrick’s
2008 keynote presentation to a conference sponsored by the Heartland
Institute. (7:17 into the video at http://www.desmogblog.com/climate-denial-crock-week1998-revisited
Judith Curry: School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences - Georgia Tech
Global Warming Deniers frequently misquote scientists to
make it seem like the scientist involved is arguing against Human
Caused Global Warming. One of these scientists is Judith Curry – chair
of the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia
Institute of Technology. Here is Judith Curry’s actual position.
“The earth is getting warmer, and
scientists conducting research on global climate change overwhelmingly
agree: most of the warming since the mid 20th century has been caused
by humans, primarily through burning fossil fuels such as coal and
petroleum. Climate model projections suggest that average global
temperatures could increase from 3 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit by 2100,
the range reflecting the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse
gases that might actually be put into the air, plus uncertainties in
the climate models. Georgia can expect warmer temperatures to be
accompanied by more severe heat waves, increased heavy rainfall events,
and more severe and longer droughts.”
Roy Spencer: Principal Research Scientist at the University of Alabama in Huntsville
Roy Spencer is convinced that all the peer reviewed papers
that provide evidence that the earth is warming are wrong and that
their authors are “Global Warming Nazis”. On the other hand, Roy
appears to have descended into religious senility. (See “The Evolution
where he confirms that he is also an “Evolution Denier”. Spencer: “I finally
became convinced that the theory of creation actually had a much better
scientific basis than the theory of evolution.”)
As for Roy’s wrong positions in regard to global warming, please see:
“Bad Week for Roy “Wrong-Way” Spencer”
“Roy Spencer is MOST famous for being wrong”
“[This] paper is not really intended for other scientists, since they
do not take Roy Spencer seriously anymore (he’s been wrong too many
Spencer: “Carbon dioxide is a relatively small part of the Earth's natural greenhouse effect”
“Dr” Roy Spencer is sad and lonely and wrong
Roy Spencer's Catholic Online Climate Myths
Why Global Warming Deniers Reject Reality
There is a reason why Global Warming Deniers
(and other anti-science groups) will continue to deny reality. Global
Warming Deniers live in an “alternate world” where conspiracy theories and their own
paranoia control their thought processes. Global Warming Deniers truly
believe that science and scientists are the enemy, and that these scientists are part of a conspiracy that is out to get them.
This “science and scientists are the enemy”
anti-intellectual mindset by Global Warming Deniers MUST!!! be
understood if you are going to understand why GWDs behave the way they
Global Warming Denialism is just a small part of a more
generalized “Anti-intellectualism in American Life” – Pulitzer Prize
winning book. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-intellectualism_in_American_Life
Also, please see:
The following two examples demonstrate this “scientists are the enemy” paranoia.
1) The movie (pseudo-documentary) “The Great Global Warming Swindle”
was produced by Martin Durkin. There are 6,000 links on the Internet
that will attest that Martin Durkin said:
“Legitimate scientists - people with qualifications - are the bad guys.”
(Run a Google search using the above quote.)
(Original source may have been:
2) In his efforts to promote creationism instead of science, Don
McLeroy (former chairman of the Texas State Board of Education http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_McLeroy
"Someone has to stand up to experts!"
Thanks to Hollywood and political tribalism, Global
Warming Deniers (and other scientifically ignorant groups) are
convinced that the purpose of science is limited to creating
Frankenstein monsters, and/or inventing death rays, and/or fabricating
“weapons of mass destruction”, and/or collecting government subsidies,
and/or manipulating temperature data to support a predetermined
conclusion. Thus, instead of looking to science for answers, these
people would rather “trust” psychics, UFO sightings, homeopathic
medicine (i. e. witch doctors), “reality TV”, newspaper tabloids, myths
spread via the Internet/emails, etc. as their “sources for information”.
Human beings are social animals. We tend to identify
ourselves with particular social groups. Global Warming Deniers belong
to anti-science social groups. Their sense of belonging in their groups
requires that they conform to the beliefs of their social group.
Membership in their own group requires that they continue a willful
ignorance of anything that might cause them to be expelled from their
For this reason, the vast majority of anti-science GWDs
will never acknowledge that science represents reality. In practice,
this anti-science attitude produces the “closed mind” attribute that we
observe in GWDs.
The “Alternate Reality” of Global Warming Deniers
Cartoon originally at http://blog.chron.com/nickanderson/2012/10/space-cadets/
Global Warming Deniers live in an “alternate world” where
“reality” consists of their “make-believe” fantasies while real
observations are dismissed as fabrications of the conspirators. A
blogging column by Alan Caruba that was posted in the online “Canada
Free Press” on Oct. 10, 2012 is a typical example. http://www.canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/50178
The title of the article was:
“Add ocean acidification and falsely
asserted rapid rise of sea levels to the list of things the IPCC, the
USGS, and NOAA, among others, are lying about
The Oceans Are Neither Rising, Nor Turning to Acid”
This was followed by the usual paranoid GWD rant that the
United States Geological Survey was wasting taxpayer money by studying
acidification of the Arctic Ocean. (USGS article at http://www.usgs.gov/newsroom/article.asp?ID=3363&from=rss_home
I added a comment that referred readers to:
Alan’s reply was:
Alan Caruba apparently does not know that the Scripps
Institution of Oceanography and the Woods Hole Oceanographic
Institution are two of the top oceanographic educational research
institutions in the world. Alan apparently doesn’t care that he doesn’t
know. Alan apparently has no interest in learning about educational
institutions. The only thing that matters to Alan is that any
fact/observation/research study that disagrees with the political
tribalism of the GWDs must be contributing to “corrupting the science”.
His disdain for educational institutions is typical of Global Warming
Deniers. (Alan Caruba doesn’t post his educational background (scientific or
other) in his online bio.)
It would appear that according to Alan (and other GWDs),
that an organization is part of “the conspiracy” if it doesn’t agree
with the fantasy world of the GWDs. According to the GWDs, the only
“facts” that exist are the fabricated delusions of the GWDs.
And finally, in Nov. 2005, in an article titled “It's
Getting Colder, Not Warmer”, Alan Caruba said “we are due another ice
age any day now.” http://www.canadafreepress.com/2005/caruba111005.htm
2005 turned out to be to be the warmest year in recorded history. . .
Until that record was broken in 2010, http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/graphs_v3/
With a record low Arctic ice pack in 2007. . .
Followed by a new record low in 2012, http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/
Let’s see. . . How many days are in “due another ice age any day now”?
Also please see: http://www.prwatch.org/prwissues/2006Q/alcaruba.html
“FACTSHEET: Alan Caruba” http://www.exxonsecrets.org/html/personfactsheet.php?id=1042
The Word “Evidence”
The word “evidence” appears to have a different meaning
for Global Warming Deniers as opposed to scientists. To scientists, the
word “evidence” is observations and documentation about events in the
real world. Scientists measure these real world events and use these
measurements so that they can forecast/predict what will happen if a
similar real world event should occur again (or continue to occur) in
Most Global Warming Deniers do not have an educational
background in any of the sciences never-mind a degree in Meteorology or
Climatology. Many don’t have a college degree in anything. (Rush
Limbaugh, Anthony Watts, etc.)
Global Warming Deniers live in an “Alternate Reality”
where the word “evidence” is what some other Global Warming Denier
says. In this Alternate Reality, the only things that are “true” are
the stories that are told by other Global Warming Deniers. To Global
Warming Deniers, anything that might happen outside their Alternate
Reality must be false since it conflicts with their Alternate Reality.
Global Warming Evidence includes:
Measurements of rising temperatures
Then and now photographs of melting glaciers
Measurements and observations of rising sea level
Observations of poleward migration of plants and animals (See “Arbor Day” chart below)
Application of our knowledge of Physics – for example:
However, actual evidence of what is happening in the real
world means nothing to Global Warming Deniers. Global Warming Deniers
live in an Alternate Reality where the only “truth” is the dogma that
is constantly repeated by other Global Warming Deniers.
Global Warmin Deniers will invent/fabricate any excuse
possible so they can continue to follow their political dogma. This is
why Global Warming Deniers will claim:
The earth is actually cooling.
Sea level is not rising.
The data has been manipulated.
Even if it is warming, it’s caused by “natural forces”.
If it’s warming, it’s good for us.
The bottom line is that Global Warming Deniers are not
mentally capable of understanding anything that conflicts with their
Alternate Reality. (See the Wikipedia articles http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motivated_reasoning
for in-depth explanations.)
Miranda Rights for Global Warming Deniers
Do it yourself Global Warming Denier kit.
As part of their “obsession to deny”, Global Warming
Deniers frequently have an “obsession to bore everyone to death with
their ideology”. If you are a Global Warming Denier and are suffering
from one/both of these “obsessions”, then before you act in haste, you
might want to learn the Miranda Rights for Global Warming Deniers.
1) You have the right to remain silent.
If you state that you are a Global Warming Denier, most people
will think that you are an arrogant idiot. However, if you insist on
broadcasting your fairy tales to the world, you will prove the matter
beyond all doubt.
2) Anything you say, can and will be used against you in a court of law.
If you say something really stupid (Global Warming Deniers are
prone to “stupid statements”.), someone will use your statement as
continuing evidence that you and other Global Warming Deniers are
3) You have the right to have an attorney present now and during any future questioning.
Lawyers and scientists understand the word “evidence”. Global Warming
Deniers don’t. You have a right to have someone present who can explain
to you exactly what the word “evidence” means.
4) If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed to you free of charge if you wish.
Better yet, try the Internet. There are large numbers of other Global
Warming Deniers that will give you free “advice”. The free “advice”
will be worth exactly what you pay for it.
Is Global Warming / Climate Change Real?
A quick look at what has happened to glaciers tells the story.
The original photographs and story can be seen at: http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF17/1731.html
The (historic) Muir Glacier is an extreme example, but there are many
other examples. (If you have Google Earth on your computer, go to
59.012N, 136.163W and look slightly west of due north to generate a
view similar to the views above.)
The picture pair above is courtesy of http://www.gletscherarchiv.de/en/fotovergleiche/gletscher_liste
Do you recognize the impressive mountain in the background? Hint: It’s near Zermatt. Switzerland.
The left picture is a copy of an old post card. The Furgg Glacier can
be seen snaking around the front of the tall pyramidal mountain. Also,
part of the glacier covers the lower slopes of the tall mountain.
By 2003 there isn’t much left of the glacier. The very dark area below
and slightly to the right of the mountain is the shadow from a 500-foot
high cliff below a ridge. One hundred years ago, the glacier was thick
enough to completely cover the ridge. If you have Google Earth on your
computer, you can see trimlines and moraines that mark the former
extent of the glacier. To find the area formerly covered by the Furgg
Glacier, just look about 4 miles southwest of Zermatt Switzerland - or
alternately, about 2 miles ENE of (and a “tad” down from) the summit of
The above 4-photo sequence shows what has happened to Grinnell Glacier
in Glacier National Park since 1938. Grinnell Glacier is in the lower
part of the photos, and Upper Grinnell Lake has formed in the basin
formerly occupied by the glacier. The long snow/icefield above Grinnell
Glacier is the small Salamander Glacier. The last photo was taken
earlier in the summer season than the other photos, and thus Salamander
Glacier still has more seasonal now than in the other photos. (Note the
lack of shadows in the last photo indicating the high sun angle that
only exists in late spring / early summer.)
The photos were taken from the top of Mount Gould. Mount Gould is a
strenuous climb but can be easily accessed from the Going to the Sun
Road in Glacier National Park. A larger set of the above images can be
seen at: http://www.nrmsc.usgs.gov/files/norock/repeatphoto/Pairs/Grinnell/Quad_MtGould/Grinnell_Quad.pdf
One of the more remote areas of the world that has (or at least used to
have) glaciers are the high 15,000 foot mountains on the island of New Guinea.
aerial photograph looking east at several of the glaciers on Puncak
Jaya in 1936. Left to right: Northwall Firn, Meren Glacier, and
Carstensz Glacier. Photograph no. S.136 by J.J. Dozy.
The original of the above photograph can be seen at http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/p1386h/indonesia/infig3.html
A more detailed description at http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/p1386h/indonesia/indonesia.html
includes an interim 1972 photograph.
The Google Earth view above shows the same area - as of 2002.
Most of the glaciers are gone. The rocks are light gray as erosion from
the former glaciers removed all the loose soil, and vegetation has not
had enough time to become established on the bare rock.
Of note: A small portion of
Freeport-McMoRan’s open pit Grasberg mine can be seen in the lower
right corner. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grasberg_mine
The picture above shows then and now photographs of the
Upsala Glacier in Argentina. The top photograph was taken in 1928. The
bottom photograph was taken in 2004. The top of the bare rock hill on
the far side of the lake is nearly 700 feet above the lake level. Of
interest, note the light colored trimline on the distant mountains that
shows the former thickness of the glacier.
The Upsala Glacier is one of the larger glaciers that flow out of the
Southern Patagonian Ice Field - which straddles the Chile/Argentina
border. Of interest, melt water that initially drains eastward off the
northern end of the Southern Patagonian Ice Field eventually cuts back
through the Andes Mountain Range to end up in the Pacific Ocean. (See
the Rio Pascua section at http://www.durangobill.com/AncestralRivers/AncestralRiversSAm.html
The World Glacier Monitoring Service has a web page where
they post a graph of what is happening to the world’s glaciers. Here’s
what it looks like.
Not only are the world’s glaciers shrinking, the shrinkage
rate has accelerated in recent years. For an updated version of the
graph, please see the mass balance studies at http://www.geo.uzh.ch/microsite/wgms/
Rising Sea Level
Sea level had been stable for thousands of years up until recently.
The graph above is from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Holocene_Sea_Level.png
As the earth started to warm in the 20th century, sea
level started to rise due to thermal expansion and melting glaciers. In
the last couple of decades this rate of rise has increased to about 3
mm/yr. (3 meters per 1,000 years)
Here’s what radar altimetry from satellites shows.
Sea level is not only continuing to rise, the rate of rise
has accelerated beyond what had been observed before 1990. The most
recent data at http://ibis.grdl.noaa.gov/SAT/SeaLevelRise/LSA_SLR_timeseries_global.php
indicates this rate of sea level rise is continuing to accelerate beyond what was observed up through 2011.
Current carbon dioxide levels are far above what was seen in the Eemian Interglacial 125,000 years ago.
Graph from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carbon_Dioxide_400kyr.png
It will take several centuries for glacial melting and sea
level rise to catch up with the current rate of thermal forcing. It
seems probable that sea level will eventually rise to levels higher
than what was seen in the Eemian Interglacial when sea level was some
16 to 23 feet higher than it is today. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eemian_sea
If sea level rises this much (or more) many coastal cities such as New Orleans and Miami will be completely submerged.
The chart above was posted at http://www.johnenglander.net/t-co2-sl-420kyr-chart
. The original source was Fig. 3 at http://www.columbia.edu/~mhs119/Storms/
The chart shows the historical relationship between carbon dioxide levels, temperature, and sea level.
In the Eemian interglacial of 125,000 years ago, sea
level was 20 feet or more above current levels. This is enough to turn
Miami and New Orleans into fish food.
Now take a close look at the green line at the right edge.
Where is our future temperature going? Where is our future sea level
going? The process will be spread over centuries, but how do you move
all of the world’s big seaport cities?
The Google Earth view above shows a two-mile wide series
of sandy shorelines in Australia that were formed when sea level was
higher during the Eemian. Image that a large city were built today in
this two-mile wide area. Then image what would happen if sea level were
restored to Eemian levels (or higher).
From “Relationship between sea level and climate forcing
by CO2 on geological timescales” (published in the Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America )
For instance, with CO2 stabilized at
400–450 ppm (as required for the frequently quoted “acceptable warming”
of 2 °C), or even at AD 2011 levels of 392 ppm, we infer a likely (68%
confidence) long-term sea-level rise of more than 9 m above the
present. Therefore, our results imply that to avoid significantly
elevated sea level in the long term, atmospheric CO2 should be reduced to levels similar to those of preindustrial times.
As for what is happening now, please see the following video.
Miami Beach Sea Level Rise, Paradise Lost!
Global Warming is Changing the Climate Zones for Plant Life
Global Warming / Climate Change is shifting plant hardiness zones
northward. The maps above and below are Print Screen images from an
animation by the Arbor Day Foundation. http://www.arborday.org/media/mapchanges.cfm
Hardiness zones provide a guide as to which plants and trees will grow
in a given area. The maps show that plants that grew best in northern
Alabama (Zone 7) in 1990 can now be grown across all of Tennessee and
most of Kentucky. In the northern plains, the blue Zone 4 has moved
north to include most of North Dakota.
In the Rocky
Mountains in Colorado and Wyoming, the blue Zone 4 is rapidly being
replaced by the milder Zone 5. Cold winters used to keep Bark Beetles
under control, but milder winters are allowing increasing infestations
by these insects. In Mesa Verde National Park, the “Mesa” is still
there but most of the “Verde” is gone. Fires and beetle attacks over
the last 20 years have wiped out most of the trees; and grasslands have
replaced the forests.
Resources for Research
The following organizations provide evidence that:
1) Global Warming / Climate Change is real.
2) Human activities are by far the largest causative agent.
3) Global Warming / Climate Change is a continuing, ongoing phenomenon.
“Ninety-seven percent of climate scientists agree that climate-warming
trends over the past century are very likely due to human activities,
and most of the leading scientific organizations worldwide have issued
public statements endorsing this position.”
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Climatic Data Center
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
American Meteorological Society
“It is clear from extensive scientific evidence that the dominant cause
of the rapid change in climate of the past half century is
human-induced increases in the amount of atmospheric greenhouse gases,
including carbon dioxide (CO2)”
The Weather Channel Position Statement on Global Warming
“These observations, together with computer model simulations and
historical climate reconstructions from ice cores, ocean sediments and
tree rings all provide strong evidence that the majority of the warming
over the past century is a result of human activities.”
National Center for Atmospheric Research
“How do we know Earth is warming now?”
Earth System Research Laboratory - Global Monitoring Division
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Jet Propulsion Laboratory - California Institute of Technology
“Global Climate Change” “How do we know?”
American Geophysical Union (world's largest scientific society of Earth and space scientists)
“Human Impacts on Climate”
American Association for the Advancement of Science
“The scientific evidence is clear: global climate change caused by human activities is occurring now”
U. S. National Academy of Sciences
“Climate change is real”
National Science Foundation
“Global Warming Greatest in Past Decade”
U. S. Geological Survey
“Glacier and Landscape Change in Response to Changing Climate”
Time lapse video: “Glacier Erasure: South Cascade Glacier in a Changing Climate”
Geological Society of America
Geological Society of America (GSA) concurs . . . that global climate
has warmed and that human activities (mainly greenhouse gas emissions)
account for most of the warming since the middle 1900s.”
National Snow and Ice Data Center - Global Glacier Recession
“We live in a time of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations with an attendant warming of the climate.”
United Nations Environment Programme/World Glacier Monitoring Service
“Global Glacier Changes: facts and figures”
“There is mounting evidence that climate change is triggering a shrinking and thinning of many glaciers world-wide”
(Introduction and links to a 26 MB WGMS report)
The United States Energy Information Administration
“Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, and Energy”
U. S. Department of Defense
“As greenhouse gas emissions increase, sea levels are rising, average
global temperatures are increasing, and severe weather patterns are
accelerating.” “These effects are threat multipliers that will
aggravate stressors abroad such as poverty, environmental degradation,
political instability, and social tensions – conditions that can enable
terrorist activity and other forms of violence.”
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
“Report: Human activity fuels global warming”
California Institute of Technology
“How We Know Global Warming is Real”
“The science behind human-induced climate change”
“A large body of scientific information indicates that global climate
change is unequivocal, almost certainly is caused mostly by human
activities, is already causing significant harm, and as it continues,
holds great risks for our future.”
“The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming”
“With higher CO2 concentrations come expectations of a stronger greenhouse effect and therefore warmer global temperatures.”
Atmospheric Sciences - University of Illinois - Champaign
“Evidence continues to mount that human activities are altering the Earth’s climate on a global scale.”
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Scripps Institution of Oceanography (University of California - San Diego)
The UK’s Met Office Hadley Centre
“Climate change - the big picture”
The UK’s Royal Society
“Climate change controversies: a simple guide”
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Based in Switzerland)
“Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report”
Japan Meteorological Agency
“Global Warming Projection Vol.7”
The Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
“Our climate has changed substantially.” “Global climate change and global warming are real and observable.”
Royal Society of New Zealand
“The globe is warming because of increasing greenhouse gas emissions.”
National Geographic Magazine
Scientific American Magazine
“Scientific opinion on climate change is that the Earth's climate
system is unequivocally warming and it is more than 90% certain that
humans are causing it through activities that increase concentrations
of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere”
(100+ references with links)
Also please see “The Great Global Warming Swindle” is itself a Fraud and a Swindle
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